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How to make a favicon in Ubuntu

To make a favicon in Debian linux or Ubuntu (in my case):

  • Install the package xpm2wico with Synaptic or apt-get.
    An Xpm to Windows .ico converter
  • Using Gimp, Capture and shrink or create/edit a 16x16 graphic.
  • Save your image in X PixMap Image (xpm) format.
  • Convert from xpm to favicon name and format: "xpm2wico favicon.xpm favicon.ico".
  • Copy favicon.ico to convenient place, then add the following to a webpage:
    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="favicon.ico" type="image/x-icon" />

Drupal Clean URL's on Ubuntu Dapper

1. See following tutorials:

a. http://drupal.org/node/43783

b. http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/136

2. Case where drupal is not installed into the apache document root, but rather in a subdirectory, it is necessary to so specify in two places:

1. /var/www/drupal/.htaccess

# Modify the RewriteBase if you are using Drupal in a subdirectory and
# the rewrite rules are not working properly.

RewriteBase /drupal
2. /var/www/dsn/sites/default/settings.php 

/** * Base URL (optional).
* * If you are experiencing issues with different site domains,
* uncomment the Base URL statement below (remove the leading hash sign)
* and fill in the URL to your Drupal installation.
* * It is not allowed to have a trailing slash; Drupal will add it * for you. */

# $base_url = 'http://www.example.com'; // NO trailing slash!
$base_url = 'http://localhost/drupal';

If you’re running Apache2 on Debian stable, in order to install the rewrite module you simply need to:

Installing Drupal on Ubuntu Dapper

Although Synaptic has a drupal, it's very old!


To go with the latest version, I first went with the pre-fork Apache 2, PHP 5 and MySQL 5.

Downloading Drupal

I then downloaded the latest stable drupal version (since I am interested in developing a software engineering platform and personal development environment capable of being moved to a shared hosting environment).

$ wget http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/drupal/files/projects/drupal-4.7.3.tar.gz
--17:22:17-- http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/drupal/files/projects/drupal-4.7.3.tar.gz
=> `drupal-4.7.3.tar.gz'
Resolving ftp.osuosl.org...,
Connecting to ftp.osuosl.org||:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 484,988 (474K) [application/x-gzip]

484,988 81.56K/s ETA 00:00

17:22:24 (76.13 KB/s) - `drupal-4.7.3.tar.gz' saved [484988/484988]

Installing the files for Apache 2

I then copied everything into (in this case) /var/www/drupal-4.7.3, then made the symbolic link (see Drupal Clean URL's on Ubuntu Dapper Laughing ):

non-US ubuntu dapper dvd playing

In order to watch my own dvd's on my amd64 dapper-box, I do the following (non-US):

sudo apt-get install libdvdread3
sudo apt-get install dpkg-dev fakeroot debhelper
# If you have AMD64. You need dpkg-source. Otherwise skip.
# If you have AMD64. You need build-essential. Otherwise skip.
sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread3/examples/install-css.sh
sudo apt-get install totem-xine



Viva Vim 7! (installing on Ubuntu Dapper)

Unfortunately, vim 7 didn't make it into the Dapper Ubuntu 6.06 LTS.

So the best way to install it without fighting with dependencies is to amend your apt-get sources.list file with the following line (works fine for me on Ubuntu Dapper, 6.06 LTS freshly installed October 2006):

deb http://www.freshnet.org/debian/ dapper/

Then go ahead and install (see below, and see below for amd64 (above repository of course won't work for amd64 installations)).

Thanks, Freshnet.it !

If you're using Synaptic, just hit Settings >> Repositories, then hit the Add button, then the Custom button and paste in the above "Apt line" repository info and hit "Add Channel". Then close the Software Preferences windows and hit the "Reload" button to update package info. And update the appropriate vim7 package you are looking for (vim perl, vim ruby, or whatever you are using).

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